001.001.005 - Revelation -
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
Allah's Apostle was the most generous of all the people, and he used to reach the peak in
generosity in the month of Ramadan when Gabriel met him. Gabriel used to meet him every night
of Ramadan to teach him the Qur'an. Allah's Apostle was the most generous person, even more
generous than the strong uncontrollable wind (in readiness and haste to do charitable deeds).
001.002.007 - Belief - Recite
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle said: Islam is based on (the following) five (principles):
1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah's
2. To offer the (compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly.
3. To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity) .
4. To perform Hajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca)
5. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan.
001.002.036 - Belief -
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said: "Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of
sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah's rewards (not for showing off), all his past sins will be
001.002.037 - Belief -
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever observes fasts during the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith,
and hoping to attain Allah's rewards, then all his past sins will be forgiven."
001.002.046 - Belief -
The Prophet said, "Abusing a Muslim is Fusuq (an evil doing) and killing him is Kufr (disbelief)."
Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit: "Allah's Apostle went out to inform the people about the (date of
the) night of decree (Al-Qadr) but there happened a quarrel between two Muslim men. The
Prophet said, "I came out to inform you about (the date of) the night of Al-Qadr, but as so and so
and so and so quarrelled, its knowledge was taken away (I forgot it) and maybe it was better for
you. Now look for it in the 7th, the 9th and the 5th (of the last 10 nights of the month of
001.002.047 - Belief -
Narrated Abu Huraira:
One day while the Prophet was sitting in the company of some people, (The angel) Gabriel came
and asked, "What is faith?" Allah's Apostle replied, 'Faith is to believe in Allah, His angels, (the)
meeting with Him, His Apostles, and to believe in Resurrection." Then he further asked, "What is
Islam?" Allah's Apostle replied, "To worship Allah Alone and none else, to offer prayers perfectly
to pay the compulsory charity (Zakat) and to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan." Then
he further asked, "What is Ihsan (perfection)?" Allah's Apostle replied, "To worship Allah as if you
see Him, and if you cannot achieve this state of devotion then you must consider that He is
looking at you." Then he further asked, "When will the Hour be established?" Allah's Apostle
replied, "The answerer has no better knowledge than the questioner. But I will inform you about
1. When a slave (lady) gives birth to her master.
2. When the shepherds of black camels start boasting and competing with others in the
construction of higher buildings. And the Hour is one of five things which nobody knows except
The Prophet then recited: "Verily, with Allah (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour--." (31. 34)
Then that man (Gabriel) left and the Prophet asked his companions to call him back, but they
could not see him. Then the Prophet said, "That was Gabriel who came to teach the people their
religion." Abu 'Abdullah said: He (the Prophet) considered all that as a part of faith.
001.002.050 - Belief -
Narrated Abu Jamra:
I used to sit with Ibn 'Abbas and he made me sit on his sitting place. He requested me to stay
with him in order that he might give me a share from his property. So I stayed with him for two
months. Once he told (me) that when the delegation of the tribe of 'Abdul Qais came to the
Prophet, the Prophet asked them, "Who are the people (i.e. you)? (Or) who are the delegate?"
They replied, "We are from the tribe of Rabi'a." Then the Prophet said to them, "Welcome! O
people (or O delegation of 'Abdul Qais)! Neither will you have disgrace nor will you regret." They
said, "O Allah's Apostle! We cannot come to you except in the sacred month and there is the
infidel tribe of Mudar intervening between you and us. So please order us to do something good
(religious deeds) so that we may inform our people whom we have left behind (at home), and that
we may enter Paradise (by acting on them)." Then they asked about drinks (what is legal and
what is illegal). The Prophet ordered them to do four things and forbade them from four things. He
ordered them to believe in Allah Alone and asked them, "Do you know what is meant by believing
in Allah Alone?" They replied, "Allah and His Apostle know better." Thereupon the Prophet said,
1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah's
2. To offer prayers perfectly
3. To pay the Zakat (obligatory charity)
4. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan.
5. And to pay Al-Khumus (one fifth of the booty to be given in Allah's Cause).
Then he forbade them four things, namely, Hantam, Dubba,' Naqir Ann Muzaffat or Muqaiyar;
(These were the names of pots in which Alcoholic drinks were prepared) (The Prophet mentioned
the container of wine and he meant the wine itself). The Prophet further said (to them): "Memorize
them (these instructions) and convey them to the people whom you have left behind."
001.003.063 - Knowledge -
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
While we were sitting with the Prophet in the mosque, a man came riding on a camel. He made
his camel kneel down in the mosque, tied its foreleg and then said: "Who amongst you is
Muhammad?" At that time the Prophet was sitting amongst us (his companions) leaning on his
arm. We replied, "This white man reclining on his arm." The man then addressed him, "O Son of
The Prophet said, "I am here to answer your questions." The man said to the Prophet, "I want to
ask you something and will be hard in questioning. So do not get angry." The Prophet said, "Ask
whatever you want." The man said, "I ask you by your Lord, and the Lord of those who were
before you, has Allah sent you as an Apostle to all the mankind?" The Prophet replied, "By Allah,
yes." The man further said, "I ask you by Allah. Has Allah ordered you to offer five prayers in a
day and night (24 hours).? He replied, "By Allah, Yes." The man further said, "I ask you by Allah!
Has Allah ordered you to observe fasts during this month of the year (i.e. Ramadan)?" He replied,
"By Allah, Yes." The man further said, "I ask you by Allah. Has Allah ordered you to take Zakat
(obligatory charity) from our rich people and distribute it amongst our poor people?" The Prophet
replied, "By Allah, yes." Thereupon that man said, "I have believed in all that with which you have
been sent, and I have been sent by my people as a messenger, and I am Dimam bin Tha'laba
from the brothers of Bani Sa'd bin Bakr."
001.003.087 - Knowledge -
Narrated Abu Jamra:
I was an interpreter between the people and Ibn 'Abbas. Once Ibn 'Abbas said that a delegation of
the tribe of'Abdul Qais came to the Prophet who asked them, "Who are the people (i.e. you)?
(Or) who are the delegates?" They replied, "We are from the tribe of Rabi'a." Then the Prophet
said to them, "Welcome, O people (or said, "O delegation (of 'Abdul Qais).") Neither will you have
disgrace nor will you regret." They said, "We have come to you from a distant place and there is
the tribe of the infidels of Mudar intervening between you and us and we cannot come to you
except in the sacred month. So please order us to do something good (religious deeds) and that
we may also inform our people whom we have left behind (at home) and that we may enter
Paradise (by acting on them.)" The Prophet ordered them to do four things, and forbade them
from four things. He ordered them to believe in Allah Alone, the Honorable the Majestic and said
to them, "Do you know what is meant by believing in Allah Alone?" They replied, "Allah and His
Apostle know better." Thereupon the Prophet said, "(That means to testify that none has the right
to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is His Apostle, to offer prayers perfectly, to pay
Zakat, to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan, (and) to pay Al-Khumus (one fifth of the
booty to be given in Allah's cause)." Then he forbade them four things, namely Ad-Dubba.'
Hantam, Muzaffat (and) An-Naqir or Muqaiyar(These were the names of pots in which alcoholic
drinks used to be prepared). The Prophet further said, "Memorize them (these instructions) and
tell them to the people whom you have left behind."
001.011.698 - Call to Prayers (Adhaan) -
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:
Allah's Apostle made a small room in the month of Ramadan (Sa'id said, "I think that Zaid bin
Thabit said that it was made of a mat") and he prayed there for a few nights, and so some of his
companions prayed behind him. When he came to know about it, he kept on sitting. In the
morning, he went out to them and said, "I have seen and understood what you did. You should
pray in your houses, for the best prayer of a person is that which he prays in his house except
the compulsory prayers.
001.012.768 - Characteristics of Prayer -
Narrated Abu Bakr bin 'Abdur Rahman Ibn Harith bin Hisham and Abu Salama bin 'Abdur
Abu Huraira used to say Takbir in all the prayers, compulsory and optional -- in the month of
Ramadan or other months. He used to say Takbir on standing for prayer and on bowing; then he
would say, "Salmi'a-l-lahu Liman hamida," and before prostrating he would say "Rabbana
walaka-l-hamd." Then he would say Takbir on prostrating and on raising his head from the
prostration, then another Takbir on prostrating (for the second time), and on raising his head from
the prostration. He also would say the Takbir on standing from the second Rak'a. He used to do
the same in every Rak'a till he completed the prayer. On completion of the prayer, he would say,
"By Him in Whose Hands my soul is! No doubt my prayer is closer to that of Allah's Apostle than
yours, and this was His prayer till he left this world." And Abu Huraira said, "When Allah's
Apostle raised his head from (bowing) he used to say "Sami' a-l-lahu Liman hamida, Rabbana
walakal-hamd." He Would invoke Allah for some people by naming them: "O Allah! Save Al-Walid
bin Al-Walid and Salama bin Hisham and 'Aiyash bin Abi Rabi'a and the weak and the helpless
people among the faithful believers O Allah! Be hard on the tribe of Mudar and let them suffer from
famine years like that of the time of Joseph." In those days the Eastern section of the tribe of
Mudar was against the Prophet.
001.012.777 - Characteristics of Prayer -
Narrated Abu Salama:
Once I went to Abu- Sa'id Al-Khudri and asked him, "Won't you come with us to the date-palm
trees to have a talk?" So Abu Said went out and I asked him, "Tell me what you heard from the
Prophet about the Night of Qadr." Abu Said replied, "Once Allah's Apostle performed I'tikaf
(seclusion) on the first ten days of the month of Ramadan and we did the same with him. Gabriel
came to him and said, 'The night you are looking for is ahead of you.' So the Prophet performed
the I'tikaf in the middle (second) ten days of the month of Ramadan and we too performed I'tikaf
with him. Gabriel came to him and said, 'The night which you are looking for is ahead of you.' In
the morning of the 20th of Ramadan the Prophet delivered a sermon saying, 'Whoever has
performed I'tikaf with me should continue it. I have been shown the Night of "Qadr", but have
forgotten its date, but it is in the odd nights of the last ten nights. I saw in my dream that I was
prostrating in mud and water.' In those days the roof of the mosque was made of branches of
date-palm trees. At that time the sky was clear and no cloud was visible, but suddenly a cloud
came and it rained. The Prophet led us in the prayer and I saw the traces of mud on the forehead
and on the nose of Allah's Apostle. So it was the confirmation of that dream."
002.021.229 - Prayer at Night (Tahajjud) -
Narrated 'Aisha, the mother of the faithful believers
One night Allah's Apostle offered the prayer in the Mosque and the people followed him. The next
night he also offered the prayer and toomany people gathered. On the third and the fourth nights
more people gathered, but Allah's Apostle did not come out to them. In the morninghe said, "I
saw what you were doing and nothing but the fear that it (i.e. the prayer) might be enjoined on
you, stopped me from coming to you." And that happened in the month of Ramadan.
002.021.248 - Prayer at Night (Tahajjud) -
Narrated Abu Salma bin 'Abdur Rahman
I asked 'Aisha, "How is the prayer of Allah's Apostle during the monthof Ramadan." She said,
"Allah's Apostle never exceeded eleven Rakat inRamadan or in other months; he used to offer
four Rakat-- do not ask me about their beauty and length, then four Rakat, do not ask me
abouttheir beauty and length, and then three Rakat." Aisha further said, "Isaid, 'O Allah's Apostle!
Do you sleep before offering the Witr prayer?' He replied, 'O 'Aisha! My eyes sleep but my heart
002.021.255 - Prayer at Night (Tahajjud) -
Ibn 'Umar said, "In the life-time of the Prophet I dreamt that a pieceof silk cloth was in my hand
and it flew with me to whichever part of Paradise I wanted. I also saw as if two persons (i.e.
angels) came to me and wanted to take me to Hell. Then an angel met us and told me notto be
afraid. He then told them to leave me. Hafsa narrated one of my dreams to the Prophet and the
Prophet said, "Abdullah is a good man. Would that he offer the night prayer (Tahajjud)!" So after
that day 'Abdullah (bin 'Umar) started offering Tahajjud. The companions of theProphet (p.b.u.h)
used to tell him their dreams that (Laila-tul-Qadr) was on the 27th of the month of Ramadan. The
Prophet said, "I see thatyour dreams agree on the last ten nights of Ramadan and so whoever is
in search of it should seek it in the last ten nights of Ramadan."
002.023.480 - Funerals (Al-Janaa'iz) -
Narrated Abu Huraira
A Bedouin came to the Prophet and said, "Tell me of such a deed as will make me enter
Paradise, if I do it." The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Worship Allah, and worship none along with Him,
offer the (five) prescribed compulsory prayers perfectly, pay the compulsory Zakat, andfast the
month of Ramadan." The Bedouin said, "By Him, in Whose Hands my life is, I will not do more
than this." When he (the Bedouin) left,the Prophet said, "Whoever likes to see a man of
Paradise, then he maylook at this man."
002.026.662 - Pilgrimmage (Hajj) -
The people used to fast on 'Ashura (the tenth day of the month of Muharram) before the fasting of
Ramadan was made obligatory. And on that day the Ka'ba used to be covered with a cover.
When Allah made the fasting of the month of Ramadan compulsory, Allah's Apostle said,
"Whoever wishes to fast (on the day of 'Ashura') may do so; and whoever wishes to leave it can
003.027.010 - Minor Pilgrammage (Umra) -
I heard Ibn 'Abbas saying, "Allah's Apostle asked an Ansari woman (Ibn'Abbas named her but
'Ata' forgot her name), 'What prevented you from performing Hajj with us?' She replied, 'We have a
camel and the fatherof so-and-so and his son (i.e. her husband and her son) rode it and left one
camel for us to use for irrigation.' He said (to her), 'Perform 'Umra when Ramadan comes, for
'Umra in Ramadan is equal to Hajj (in reward),' or said something similar."
003.029.086 - Penalty of Hunting while on Pilgrimmage -
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas
When the Prophet returned after performing his Hajj, he asked Um SinanAl-Ansari, "What did
forbid you to perform Hajj?" She replied, "Fatherof so-and-so (i.e. her husband) had two camels
and he performed Hajj on one of them, and the second is used for the irrigation of our land." The
Prophet said (to her), "Perform 'Umra in the month of Ramadan, (as it is equivalent to Hajj or Hajj
with me (in reward)."
003.031.115 - Fasting -
Narrated Talha bin 'Ubaid-Ullah
A bedouin with unkempt hair came to Allah's Apostle and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Inform me
what Allah has made compulsory for me as regards the prayers." He replied: "You have to offer
perfectly the five compulsory prayers in a day and night (24 hours), unless you wantto pray
Nawafil." The bedouin further asked, "Inform me what Allah hasmade compulsory for me as
regards fasting." He replied, "You have to fast during the whole month of Ramadan, unless you
want to fast more as Nawafil." The bedouin further asked, "Tell me how much Zakat Allah has
enjoined on me." Thus, Allah's Apostle informed him about all the rules (i.e. fundamentals) of
Islam. The bedouin then said, "By Him Whohas honored you, I will neither perform any Nawafil
nor will I decrease what Allah has enjoined on me. Allah's Apostle said, "If he is saying the truth,
he will succeed (or he will be granted Paradise)."